Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane by-products such as molasses and sugarcane juice by a process of fermentation and distillation. The distillate, a clear liquid, is then usually aged in oak and other barrels. The majority of the world's rum production occurs in and around the Caribbean and in several Central American and South American countries (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana, Venezuela). There are also rum producers in other places in the world (Australia, Fiji, the Philippines, India, Reunion Island, Mauritius).
Overproof rums contain a higher content of alcohol than regular rums. Most overproof rums contain greater than 60% alcohol (120 proof). It is not unusual to find overproof rums with a content of 70 to 80 percent alcohol (140 to 160 proof). There are at least two rums in this collection that have an alcohol content greater than 80 percent. Overproof rums can be sold in light, gold, dark, and spiced variations.
Spiced rums are generally aged gold rums created with the addition of spices and caramel color. Spiced rums gain their darker color from aging in wooden oak barrel casks. There are also spiced rums that are white or clear in color.
Regular rums contain an alcohol range of 40% to 43% (80 to 86 proof) and generally fall into the following categories:
Flavored rums are infused with flavors of fruit such as mango, orange, raspberry, citrus, coconut, and lime. These rums are generally less than 40% alcohol in content.
Rum Creams are cream (dairy) based liqueurs that are made with rum and flavoring (fruit, nuts, coffee, etc). Cream rums can range from 15 to 55% alcohol, however, they are generally a much lower percent by volume than regular rums.
Liqueurs are alcoholic beverages that have been flavored and bottled with added sugar. Liqueurs are typically quite sweet and are not usually aged for long periods. Most liqueurs have a lower alcohol content (15%-30%).
Cachaša is a liquor made from fermented sugarcane. It is the most popular distilled alcoholic beverage in Brazil. It is also known as aguardente (aguardiente), pinga, caninha. Cachaša is mostly produced in Brazil. It is typically between 38% and 54% alcohol by volume. The major difference between cachaša and rum is that rum is usually made from molasses, a by-product from refineries that boil the cane juice to extract as much sugar crystals as possible. Cachaša is made from fresh sugarcane juice that's fermented and distilled.
|Suitability for Vegan Consumption
|Vegan friendly rums are distilled, filtered, produced, aged and bottled absent the use of or contact with animal products, animal byproducts (such as isinglass, gelatin, etc), eggs, dairy, or honey during the process. Designation is based on the rum company's written verification and the ingredients listed on the label, when available. Another source for this information is "Barnivore: your vegan wine, beer and liquor guide". Designations are updated as additional information becomes available.
66 Gilead Distillery Duck Island Rum
Agua Luca Rum
Cruzan Rum, except the Rum Cream
Diamond Head Rum
Don Q Rum
Duck Island Rum
Governor's Reserve Rum
Hana Bay Rum
Heaven Hill Rum
Havana Bay Rum
Mount Gay Rum
St. George Rum
Seven Fathoms Premium Rum
Stroh Rum, except the Cream Liqueur
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