About Rum


Rum Basics   

Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane by-products such as molasses and sugarcane juice by a process of fermentation and distillation.  The distillate, a clear liquid, is then usually aged in oak and other barrels.  The majority of the world's rum production occurs in and around the Caribbean and in several Central American and South American countries (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana, Venezuela). There are also rum producers in other places in the world (Australia, Fiji, the Philippines, India, Reunion Island, Mauritius).


Overproof rums contain a higher content of alcohol than regular rums.  Most overproof rums contain greater than 60% alcohol (120 proof).  It is not unusual to find overproof rums with a content of 70 to 80 percent alcohol (140 to 160 proof).  There are at least two rums in this collection that have an alcohol content greater than 80 percent.  Overproof rums can be sold in light, gold, dark, and spiced variations.


Spiced rums are generally aged gold rums created with the addition of spices and caramel color.  Spiced rums gain their darker color from aging in wooden oak barrel casks.  There are also spiced rums that are white or clear in color.


Regular rums contain an alcohol range of 40% to 43% (80 to 86 proof) and generally fall into the following categories:

  • Light rums (also called silver or white) have little flavor and are often used as a base for cocktails.  Light rums are sometimes filtered after aging to remove color.

  • Gold rums (also called amber) are medium-bodied rums which are generally aged.  Gold rums can obtain flavor through the addition of spices and caramel color.

  • Dark rums (also known as black rum) are darker than gold rums.  They are generally aged longer than light and gold rums.  Dark rums have a much stronger aromas, and may contain hints of spices and molasses or caramel overtones.

  • Premium rums are aged much longer and much more care is taken during production. They generally are described as having more character and flavor.

Flavored rums are infused with flavors of fruit such as mango, orange, raspberry, citrus, coconut, and lime.  These rums are generally less than 40% alcohol in content.


Rum Creams are cream (dairy) based liqueurs that are made with rum and flavoring (fruit, nuts, coffee, etc).  Cream rums can range from 15 to 55% alcohol, however, they are generally a much lower percent by volume than regular rums.


Liqueurs are alcoholic beverages that have been flavored and bottled with added sugar. Liqueurs are typically quite sweet and are not usually aged for long periods. Most liqueurs have a lower alcohol content (15%-30%).


Cachaša is a liquor made from fermented sugarcane.  It is the most popular distilled alcoholic beverage in Brazil.  It is also known as aguardente (aguardiente), pinga, caninha.  Cachaša is mostly produced in Brazil.  It is typically between 38% and 54% alcohol by volume.  The major difference between cachaša and rum is that rum is usually made from molasses, a by-product from refineries that boil the cane juice to extract as much sugar crystals as possible.  Cachaša is made from fresh sugarcane juice that's fermented and distilled.

Suitability for Vegan Consumption
Vegan friendly rums are distilled, filtered, produced, aged and bottled absent the use of or contact with animal products, animal byproducts (such as isinglass, gelatin, etc), eggs, dairy, or honey during the process.  Designation is based on the rum company's written verification and the ingredients listed on the label, when available.  Another source for this information is "Barnivore: your vegan wine, beer and liquor guide".  Designations are updated as additional information becomes available.

66 Gilead Distillery Duck Island Rum

Agua Luca Rum

Admiral Nelson's Rum
Angostura Rum, except the Rum Cream
Appleton Estate Rum
Aristocrat Rum
Bacardi Rum
Below Deck Rum
Big Black Dick Rum
Blackbeard's White & Overproof 151 Rums, only
Blackheart Spice Rum
Brinley Rum
Bundaberg Rum
Burnett's Rum
Crusoe Rum

Cruzan Rum, except the Rum Cream

Diamond Head Rum

DiVine Rum

Don Q Rum

Duck Island Rum

Eastside Rum
El Dorado Rum, except the Rum Cream
Gosling's Rum

Governor's Reserve Rum

Hana Bay Rum

Heaven Hill Rum

Hammock Rum

Havana Bay Rum

Lamb's Rum
Malibu Rum, except Malibu Original

Mohawk Rum

Mount Gay Rum

Newport Rum
Old New Orleans Rum
Papagayo Rum
Peg Leg White Rum

Prichard's Rum

Pusser's Rum

Pyrat Rum
RedLeg Rum
Ron Flor de Ca˝a
Ron Llave
Ron Matusalem
Sailor Jerry Rum
Screech Rum
Sea Hagg Silver Rum

St. George Rum
St. Vincent Rum

Seven Fathoms Premium Rum
Siesta Key Gold & Silver Rums, only
Stolen Rum

Stroh Rum, except the Cream Liqueur
Trader Vic's Rum
Travellers Rum, except Rumpope & Caraboo Cream
Whaler's Rum


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